Psalm 45, A Love Song

To the choirmaster:Jean-François Portaels (1815—1895) Queen

according to Lilies.

A Maskil of the Sons of Korah;

a love song.

As a love song this illustration of God love for His people is put in the allegorical, which appeals to all women everywhere. He is the king and lover and we are the princesses and queen. This is often hard for the men to relate too. That’s ok, there are plenty of shepherd and mighty warrior psalms for the men.

FYI: A Maskil is a contemplative poem or song, rooting from the verb, to be prudent.

FYI: The Sons of Korah, were in charge of what was allowed into the services, and the court of the tabernacle. Many of the Psalms are specifically called to their attention.

Shallum the son of Kore, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah, and his kinsmen of his fathers’ house, the Korahites, were in charge of the work of the service, keepers of the thresholds of the tent, as their fathers had been in charge of the camp of the LORD, keepers of the entrance. 1Chr. 9:19

This is the only Psalm that is called a Love Song, and it is according to the Lilies or Shoshannim, the rose of Sharon in The Song of Songs. The rose of Sharon is a flower that grows on the coastal plain (the Sharon) of the Mediterranean Sea. [SofS. 2:1] Its common English name is the Sand Daffodil i.e. Pancratium maritimum. This hardy little flower surprisingly grows out on the infertile sands near the shore. Not a likely place to find a delicate flower. The land is salty and uninviting to most plants. Yet here it is, every year vigorously pushing up through the barren infertile sand, spreading forth its lusty petals out to the bright sun light. Only with the attention of the creator could such a flower thrive.

1 My heart overflows with a goodly theme; 

I address my verses to the king; 

my tongue is like the pen of a ready scribe.  

Our Beloved King is the only one worthy of our praise. There is no king but Jesus/Yeshua. Our praises are for Him and Him only, all others are only pretenders or deceivers.

2 You are the fairest of the sons of men; 

grace is poured upon your lips; 

therefore God has blessed you for ever.  

There really is no one quite like our Messiah. For there is no other name under heaven by which men are saved. [Acts 4:12] No other king has gone to their death to save not only their own people but all peoples everywhere for all time, even the people who plotted and acted in His death. For this act alone we see Him as beautiful. For His love for us excels all other loves.

3 Gird your sword upon your thigh, 

O mighty one, in your glory and majesty!  

We who love and respect our Beloved tend to see Him as a gentle and guiding lover, whose only thought is our delight. He is our lover and fierce defender. However for those who do not share our love, there is only a sword. Where we see the gentle loving eyes of our Beloved they see a fierce and frightening warrior who gives no quarter to His enemies. These who do not love Him, both fear and hate Him.

4 In your majesty ride forth victoriously 

for the cause of truth and to defend the right; 

let your right hand teach you dread deeds!  

Many believe that God is a God of love and He would never condemn anyone to hell. That there is forgiveness for everyone, and there is for the time being. However a time is coming when the offer of salvation will be removed. Our Royal Bridegroom is a man of war for the cause of truth and righteousness. However only those who hear His voice know His truth. [John 18:37b] To the world we appear as mad men who believe in things that cannot be seen. The world sees no warrior, neither do they see our Shepherd. They see no glory or majesty. However those of us who do hear and see know that the sword has already been removed from its sheath, and our vengeance draws every nearer.

5 Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king’s enemies; 

the peoples fall under you. 

Our sweet Shepherd, comes now to destroy the lions and serpents that have for so many centuries preyed upon His sheep. Those who will not bow the knee willingly will be brought down.[Phil. 2:10]

 6 Your divine throne endures for ever and ever. 

Your royal scepter is a scepter of equity;  

His Kingdom will grow on the ashes of their rejection. It is a great mountain that fills the whole earth. [Dan 2]

7 you love righteousness and hate wickedness. 

Therefore God, your God, 

has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows;  

Yes, there is a Trinity. The Messiah (which is a Hebrew word that mean anointed) was never anointed by the High Priest as a king should have been. The Temple leadership did not recognize His Messiahship. They rejected all He taught. So the Father anointed Him with the Holy Spirit. [Matt. 3:16]

8 your robes are all fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia. 

From ivory palaces stringed instruments make you glad;  

FYI: Frankincense and myrrh were used to make the incense for the temple.

“When any one brings a cereal offering as an offering to the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour; he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense on it, Lev. 2:1

Aloes and Cassia were and still are used in healing, cassia being cinnamon in English. There is healing in his wings. [Mal 4:2]

The spender of the throne and kingdom are recounted as a palace of ivory, with the soft music of stringed instruments. After all this is a love song and not the march or a warrior, the drums and trumpets are for another day and psalm.

9 daughters of kings are among your ladies of honor; 

at your right hand stands the queen in gold of Ophir.  

Here are the ladies of the harem. This illustration makes the church leaders down through the ages cringe. They are uncomfortable with the polygamy of the Old Testament. However it is easily resolved when one realizes that God in Omnipresent, i.e., everywhere at once. So He is alone with each and everyone one of us at all times. There are no others from our finite point of view. From His infinite point of view there is a great crowd of believers. So He is faithful to His one and only, for every individual is His one and only. We all stand at His right hand as His only Queen.

10 Hear, O daughter, consider, and incline your ear; 

forget your people and your father’s house;  

Often we forget that in times past and in many non western cultures, there can be a cost to being a believer. Ones entire family may reject or even kill believers. However like Ruth the Moabite we are to forget all others and cleave only to our King and Lover, no matter the cost. [Matt. 10:34-39]

11 and the king will desire your beauty. 

Since he is your lord, bow to him;  

His desire for us was so great He gave his life. No matter what our outward appearance, as long as our heart are turned toward Him, our King see us a beautiful. [1Sam. 16:7 ]

Bowing is an odd thought to us stiff kneed Americans. We long ago left the idea that some men were better than others. But our Beloved is no ordinary man, He is the one who we must bow to. The adage “NO King but Jesus!” built our nation. However over the years we have forgotten that He IS King. We have made Him our friend and buddy. We have for gotten that we were bought with a price and that we are now His bonds servants. [1Cor. 7:23]

12 the people of Tyre will sue your favor with gifts, 

the richest of the people 

Tyre was the center of the ancient world’s trade. All goods moving from the Far East to Europe and Africa passed through this port city. For in the time of David and Solomon, Tyre controlled all the shipping on the Mediterranean Sea. Here they are bringing the gifts or the world to the harem of the King.

13 with all kinds of wealth. 

The princess is decked in her chamber with gold-woven robes;  

All the ladies of the harem are princesses, all are queens, for all are one, and one is all.

14 in many-colored robes she is led to the king, 

with her virgin companions, her escort, in her train.  

Many colored cloth was difficult to achieve in ancient time, it had to be woven in or made of embroidered needle-work. They had no great printing machines, so naturally such cloth was highly prized. This is the great wedding procession of God’s people. We all come as individuals and we all come as a group.

15 With joy and gladness they are led along as they enter the palace of the king. 

The palace of the King is the hope and prayer of all believers. In the Song of Song the bride is said to rush into the Kings chambers. [SofS. 1:4]

 16 Instead of your fathers shall be your sons;

 you will make them princes in all the earth.  

This is one of those passages that I can never find a real comment on. Just a lot of beautiful prose that say nothing of substance. Somehow the Believers and Messiah have children? Whether literal or symbolic remains to be seen. [Is. 54:1; Ezek. 46:16-18]

17 I will cause your name to be celebrated in all generations; 

therefore the peoples will praise you for ever and ever.

Because this is an allegory no name is given here. However the NewTestament provides the name.

9 Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name which is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, Phil. 2:9-10

10 . . . be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by him this man is standing before you well. This is the stone which was rejected by you builders, but which has become the head of the corner. And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.” Acts 4:10-12

 

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